Silsilah (Spiritual Lineage)

After the departure of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, from this world his Sunnah (Way of Life) was cultivated and emulated by his descendants, close friends and companions (Sahabah). Among the Prophet’s closest friends and disciples were Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah accept and bless them in abundance.

Abu Bakr and Ali were teachers and transmitters of the spiritual teachings of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Before they left this world, they nominated their most successful students to pass on the Sunnah to the next generation. Thus, the tradition passed down from one generation to the next through an authentic chain of Awliya Allah (Friends of God, or ‘saints’). The chain of transmission is known as a Silsilah. As Tassawuf (Sufism) spread, and spiritual guides chose more than one successor, the tree branched out, thus today the silsilahs diverge and vary according to the Sufi tariqah (order).

Traditionally, Muslims interested in developing spiritually would make bayah (pledge of allegiance) to a Sufi murshid (spiritual teacher). The silsilah records these pledges of allegiance, and the transmission of spiritual guidance through time, from Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, to the Sufi guides of today. In the Holy Qur’an, Allah Almighty refers to this bayah as follows:

“Behold, all who pledge their allegiance to thee pledge their allegiance to God: the hand of God is over their hands. Hence, he who breaks his oath, breaks it only to his own hurt; whereas he who remains true to what he has pledged unto God, on him will He bestow a reward supreme.”
~ Holy Qur’an 48:10 (M. Asad)

Naqshbandi-Ghamkolvi Silsilah:

  1. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
  2. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
  3. Salman al-Farsi
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
  5. Jafar al-Sadiq
  6. Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami
  7. Abul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani
  8. Abul-Qasim ibn Ali ibn Abdullah Gurgani
  9. Abu Ali al-Farmadi al Tusi
  10. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani,
  11. Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani
  12. Muhammad Arif al-Riwakri
  13. Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi
  14. Azizan Ali al-Ramitani
  15. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi
  16. As-Sayyid (Shams al Deen) Amir Kulal
  17. (Imam al Tariqah) Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari
  18. Alauddin al Bukhari al Attar
  19. Yaqub al Charkhi
  20. Ubaydullah al Ahrar
  21. Muhammad Zahid
  22. Darwish Muhammad
  23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
  24. Muhammad al-Baqi Billah
  25. Mujaddid Alf-i Thani Ahmad Sirhindi
  26. Muhammad Shah Hussain
  27. Syed Abdul Basit
  28. Abdul Qadir
  29. Syed Mahmood
  30. Khwaja Abdullah
  31. Shah Inayatullah
  32. Hafiz Ahmed
  33. Abdul Saboor
  34. Gul Mohammed
  35. Abdul Majeed
  36. Abdul Aziz
  37. Mohammed Shah Malook
  38. Shah Nizamuddin
  39. Mohammed Qasim of Mohra Sharif
  40. Zinda Pir Sahib of Ghamkol Sharif
  41. Baadshah Sahib of Ghamkol Sharif
  42. Sufi Muhammad Abdullah Khan

 

Naqshbandi-Haqqani Silsilah:

  1. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
  2. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
  3. Salman al-Farsi
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
  5. Jafar as-Sadiq
  6. Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami
  7. Abul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani
  8. Abu Ali al-Farmadi
  9. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani
  10. Abul Abbas, al-Khidr (peace be upon him)
  11. Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani
  12. Arif ar-Riwakri
  13. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi
  14. Ali ar-Ramitani
  15. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi
  16. as-Sayyid Amir Kulal
  17. Muhammad Baha’uddin Shah Naqshband
  18. Ala’uddin al-Bukhari al-`Attar
  19. Yaqub al-Charkhi
  20. Ubaydullah al-Ahrar
  21. Muhammad az-Zahid
  22. Darwish Muhammad
  23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
  24. Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah
  25. Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi
  26. Muhammad al-Masum
  27. Muhammad Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi
  28. as-Sayyid Nur Muhammad al-Bayadouni
  29. Shamsuddin Habib Allah
  30. Abdullah ad-Dahlawi
  31. Khalid al-Baghdadi
  32. Ismail Muhammad ash-Shirwani
  33. Khas Muhammad Shirwani
  34. Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi
  35. Jamaluddin al-Ghumuqi al-Husayni
  36. Abu Ahmad as-Sughuri
  37. Abu Muhammad al-Madani
  38. Sharafuddin ad-Daghestani
  39. Abdullah al-Fa’iz ad-Daghestani
  40. Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani
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