Fatwa On Fasting In Ramadan In The UK During Summer


There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.



1. A number of people have asked me since last year about the excessive length of fasting during UK summer months.

2. This has included those new to the practice of fasting, elderly and middle-aged people, who wish to fast but simply cannot manage the very long days. Since last year, I’ve heard reports of such people in hospital, as well as of children falling seriously ill, due to fasting more than 18 hours per day.

3. The day length in London this year during Ramadan is almost 17 hours *sunrise-sunset*. Since there is no agreed beginning of dawn, the dawn-sunset timings vary from 19 to 20.5 hours.

4. The timings increase as we go further north, especially in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

a) E.g. I visited Dublin in June 2000: sunset prayers at the Dublin Islamic Centre (Clonskeagh Mosque) were held at 10.30pm, followed by night prayers at 12am and dawn prayers at 2am. Assuming dawn at 1am, this gives a 21.5-hour dawn-sunset fast.

b) On the other hand, I visited Stockholm in December 1999: sunrise was at 10.30am and sunset at 3.30pm. In winter there, the dawn-sunset fast is barely 6-7 hours, whereas it is 9-10 hours in the southern UK.

5. To reduce the fasting length, note that some of the Sahaba (Prophet’s Companions), including Hudhayfa bin al-Yaman, and Successors ate until sunrise or just before. Tabari and Ibn Kathir mention numerous narrations proving this under Qur’an 2:187, although both of them reject the practice based on a literalist reading of the verse (they lived in moderate climes). Ibn Hazm also approves the practice in his Al-Muhalla.

6. The jurists have discussed this matter for high latitudes. As Sheikh Muhammad Abduh, Grand Mufti of Egypt, mentions in Tafsir al-Manar, classically they mentioned two possibilities to follow more moderate timings:

a) follow timings of the lands of revelation, viz. Mecca and Medina (Hijaz) – throughout the year, the dawn-sunset fast here is 12-15 hours

b) follow timings of the nearest “moderate land”

Abduh adds, “Both of these are valid, since it is a matter of judgment (ijtihad), and there is no unequivocal text (nass) about it.”

7. Note that following timings of the nearest “moderate land” is similar to following timings of the nearest “moderate time” in your own land, e.g. spring or autumn timings, when the days and nights are approximately of equal length.

8. Abduh is not alone in the above fatwa: he is quoting from centuries of earlier jurists. After him, his fatwa has been echoed by Muhammad Hamidullah, Mustafa Zarqa, Sayyid Tantawi, Jad al-Haqq, and Ali Gomaa amongst others. Texts and discussions of these fatwas may be found on the internet, e.g. see: http://alrukn.com/long-fasts-fiqh/

9. The above fatwa implies partially decoupling fasting from dawn/sunset.

10. The spirit of fasting is clearly “from morning until evening” and to focus on its inner aspects, without hair-splitting about external matters.

11. The famous Qur’anic passage about fasting 2:183-7 begins and ends with taqwa (God-consciousness), and includes the memorable wisdom, “God wishes ease for you, not hardship … that you complete the course, magnify God for guiding you, and that you give thanks.”

This verse is in fact the basis of the numerous hadiths about making matters in religion relatively easy and not difficult, of the classical Hanafi principle of istihsan (attaining goodness, even if opposed to analogical reasoning) along with 39:17-18, cf. the first page of Kitab al-Istihsan in Al-Mabsut of al-Sarakhsi, and of contemporary jurists’ emphasis on taysir (easing matters), part of the Prophetic spirit and one of the principles of jurisprudence.

12. In exceptional circumstances, the Prophet (peace be upon him) understood that “morning” and “evening” were relative to people’s habits and culture.

Hadith: Safwan bin Mu’attal, who as a virgin was caught up with Aisha, Mother of the Believers, in the scandalous rumours that rocked Medina after the Mustaliq expedition, eventually got married. His wife once came to the Prophet and complained about her husband on three counts. (The Prophet defended and made excuses for him regarding all three matters.) One of these was that “he does not get up for the dawn prayer, and only offers it after sunrise when he rises.” When the Prophet asked him about this, he replied that his people or tribe customarily rose after sunrise, and not at the crack of dawn. The Prophet’s wise answer was, “In that case, pray when you wake up.” (Fa idha-stayqazta fa salli, a sound hadith in the Sunan, rated as authentic by Albani in his evaluation of the hadiths of Mishkat al-Masabih.)

Thus, for example, those who work night-shifts, working throughout the night and sleeping during the day, should fast during the night. This is because night has become day for them and vice-versa. The Qur’an that encourages fasting during the day also states that night is for sleep whilst the day is for work (e.g. 78:9-11).

13. An Azhari sheikh recently suggested to me that 12 hours’ fasting was sufficient, based on the average length of a day over a whole year: this is true of the sunrise-sunset day, for every place on earth. If we use dawn-sunset instead, we get 13-14 hours’ fasting. Note that this approach implies keeping a similar-length fast irrespective of the season in which Ramadan falls: in the winter, fasting would be much longer than the dawn-sunset timing, and some of us do follow that approach. This has an element of “continuous fasting” (sawm al-wisal, where fasting continues by night) about it: the Prophet practiced this regularly for several days at a time, but disallowed it for his followers, unless they were sure they could manage it.

14. I am reliably informed that Muslims in Norway use a 14-hour fasting timetable in the summer.

15. A case may be made for 16-hour fasts, based on Imam Ghazzali’s view that the maximum a person should sleep at night is a third of the day and night, i.e. 8 hours.

16. Insisting that those unable to complete long fasts should make them up at another time is practically equivalent to moving Ramadan out of the summer and into the seasons of autumn, winter or spring.


All Praise belongs to God. Peace and Blessings be upon the Messengers of God.

1. Those who wish to follow dawn-sunset timings of 18-21 hour fasts and can do so safely, are free to do so.

2. Those who find this genuinely unbearable, or are convinced of the non-literalist approach of “morning to evening” rather than the literalist “dawn to sunset”, may wish to fast for 12 or preferably 14-16 hours, beginning from dawn, sunrise or even their usual morning meal (breakfast!). Such moderate timings are based on the fatwas of jurists over many centuries for high latitudes.

3. Whatever length a person fasts, they should not feel superior to others. The spirit of Ramadan and fasting includes God-consciousness, patience, perseverance, gratitude, prayer, worship, charity, generosity, humility, self-purification, self-development, helping others, mercy, compassion, forgiveness, lowering the gaze (of the eyes from lustful glances and of the heart from other than God)  and the remembrance and love of God.

May Allah, the One and Unique having Infinite Beautiful Names, bless all of humanity during this month, and shower upon us its internal and external grace.

Sheikh Dr. Usama Hasan (London, UK)

1st Ramadan 1435 / 29th June 2014 (updated: 4th Ramadan / 2ndJuly)

Website: http://unity1.wordpress.com/

Children Are Not The Political Footballs of Anyone

All children have a right to a childhood, the right to be educated and the right to be treated fairly. We must do all we can to ensure their rights are protected. Children are not political footballs. Schools must be places where all children feel secure, their talents nurtured and cultivated.

The United Kingdom is a pluralistic multicultural society, comprised of people from many different heritages who hold a wide variety of beliefs including but not limited to; Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Wicca, and Atheism. As such, all our schools must be places where people of all backgrounds continue to feel welcome and are treated equally.

The whole point of Ofsted is to be an independent and impartial office that monitors education standards of educational institutions in this country. We hope Ofsted will continue to remain impartial, without getting embroiled in any political agendas.

Paul Salahuddin Armstrong
Co-Director, The Association of British Muslims

Happy Beltane! (2014)

Beltane Blessings!

Human Family; Past, Present and Future

By Paul Salahuddin Armstrong

(Speech originally delivered at the New Humanity Movement event, 13 April 2014).

A cosmic explosion of incredible proportions gave birth to this Universe… Hundreds of billions of years later, a star was formed in the outer reaches of the Milky Way, bringing Light to a Solar System just being born…


A small planet within this system, life emerged, evolving over hundreds of billions of years, until some left the forests, wondered the savannah, and during their evolution became more aware of their surroundings and started to wonder about their creation, where they were from, were inspired to draw, speak, write, settle and began to build the first small villages and towns.


Was this an entirely natural process of evolution, or was there some agency that speeded the process up, giving us a helping hand along the way? We can’t be entirely sure… But even some evolutionists themselves question, how Humans have been evolving so fast, and how our brain capacities increased as rapidly as they did, on an evolutionary time-scale? While they will still maintain of course that this is what happened, it’s interesting to note even they question these particular points…


Those of us who’ve researched our ancient past, what historians refer to as “prehistory” question these points ever further, for even if we did evolve according to the standard evolutionary narrative, it seems our civilisation did not. Many ancient civilisations appear to have emerged fully formed, already with high degrees of sophistication, writing, mathematics, geometry, tool making, all at levels unexpected at the times they emerged. A fact that has only in recent decades started to become ever more apparent.

Click to continue reading…

Pharrell – Happy British Muslims!

London, April 2014, Be Part of the New Humanity Movement!

Amazing event in London, United Kingdom this April, 2014.

“…let not your own hands contribute to your destruction but do good; for Allah loves those who do good. ” ~ Holy Qur’an 2:195

Share, stream, be part of the New Humanity Movement!

The Blessed Mawlid – Zia-e-Madinah Mosque, Darlaston – 2 Feb. 2014

Zia-e-Madinah Masjid - The Blessed Mawlid - Feb 2014

Maajid Nawaz, Pictures and Death Threats

By Paul Salahuddin Armstrong


Maajid Nawaz outside Kilburn Market

Following a studio appearance on an episode of BBC Big Questions, Maajid Nawaz, Liberal Democrat Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Hampstead and Kilburn, reposted a cartoon via his Twitter account that (allegedly) depicts the prophets Jesus and Muhammad, peace be upon them, saying ‘Hey’ and ‘How ya doin’. Important to note, Maajid didn’t actually draw the cartoon, but merely reposted it, along with the comment that he wasn’t offended.

After his tweet, an online offensive was launched against Maajid Nawaz, petitioning Nick Clegg to remove him from his prospective candidacy. This was followed by a counter petition calling for the Liberal Democrats and anyone who believes in our innate rights and freedoms, to rally behind him.

The offensive against Maajid Nawaz, even included death threats, which is as criminal and incredibly shocking, as it is blatantly ridiculous that someone should have their life threatened, over what in truth amounts to nothing! Did Maajid Nawaz draw any cartoons? No! He commented on a picture, saying nothing more than he wasn’t offended by it! Even if Maajid had drawn a cartoon, which he didn’t, issuing death threats is most certainly not the way to protest against that…

The image Maajid Nawaz commented on.

The image Maajid Nawaz commented on.

The matter of drawing or painting pictures of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is not even clear cut within Islam. While it’s certainly true that some Muslims strongly oppose making pictures, there are many paintings that date back centuries, produced by Muslims more religious than those making such a fuss about this today.

The fact that Maajid Nawaz didn’t even draw a thing, but merely reposted an image drawn by someone else and said, “As a Muslim, I’m not offended” makes this all the more absurd. I’m not offended either and more to the point, really don’t see what Maajid has supposedly done wrong here, either within British politics, or the religion of Islam.

What’s funny, is that like most of the other pictures some people keep jumping up and down about; the depictions don’t even look like what one would imagine either prophet to have looked. If there’s no resemblance, then clearly we are not talking about an actual image of Jesus or Muhammad, peace be upon them, even if that’s what some people think it depicts. So, how therefore can we really be offended by it?

While I can understand the offence caused by previous cartoons featuring a bomb turban, these images are really tame; some Muslim friends on Facebook, even referred to them as ‘cuddly’.

Muslims have always varied in how they interpret many aspects of Islam and until very recently, this was accepted by most. Although many Muslims today assume it to be haram to depict Prophet Muhammad in works of art, in actual fact there are many historic depictions of the Prophet in Islamic art. In response to this reality, small minded critics hit back with lines like, “Every picture maker is in the Fire. A soul will be placed in every picture made by him and it will punish him in the Hell-fire.” (Bukhari and Muslim).

"The Mi'raj or The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq", 16th Century CE http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/452670

“The Mi’raj or The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq”, 16th Century CE

But does that mean, everyone who owns a passport (even a Saudi one) or helps to produce it, is destined for the fires of Hell? Such people lack even the most basic understanding of Islamic jurisprudence. For any point found only in a hadith, not the Holy Quran, we must first consider it’s authenticity, context and degree of importance before jumping to any hasty conclusions.

Due to the history of the community in which Prophet Muhammad lived, there was understandably a profound concern about 3D sculptures that could be used as idols. The hadith is referring to that, not 2D pictures. Which certainly makes more sense in terms of the overall message of Islam, starting with the Kalima Shahada, “La ilaha il Allah…” (No gods beside God). Even 3D sculpture is not haram, if produced as a tool for learning or as a piece of art. The issue was always predominantly with the worship of statues, not the statues themselves. Cartoons as we understand them now, didn’t even exist back then, so how could any hadith be referring to them?

Seeing as these fanatical puritans like to make reference to history, it’s important to realise that people of their mentality were mostly mocked and ignored by Muslims in the past – not listened to and obeyed!

If Islam had been a religion of such petty small mindedness over the centuries, our religion today would not have over 5 madhabs (schools of thought) along with countless Sufi tariqats and other groups, or left us with such a diverse wealth of heritage in all fields of Human endeavour. These facts alone, are proof of Islam’s long tradition of broad mindedness, tolerance and understanding.

stupidity-for-dummies-490x600Jumping to conclusions, making 5 minute fatwas and takfiring (excommunicating) people is most certainly not the Sunnah (example) of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, who always advised people to consider the consequences of their intended actions before they act.

“And no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint none but persons of the greatest good fortune.”
~ Holy Qur’an 41:35 (A. Yusuf Ali)

Self-restraint and thinking before we act, are powerful weapons that will enable us to overcome our weaknesses and go on to make our dreams a reality. Needless to say, lacking in these qualities will result in the exact opposite.

Maajid Nawaz, like many Muslims who refuse to tow the wahabi islamist party line, is one of the latest to have his life threatened. Hang on, what does Islam say about threatening to murder people, especially brothers and sisters of the same faith?

“…if anyone slays a human being – unless it be [in punishment] for murder or for spreading corruption on earth – it shall be as though he had slain all mankind; whereas, if anyone saves a life, it shall be as though he had saved the lives of all mankind…”
~ Holy Qur’an 5:32 (M. Asad)

Among the same people who most passionately (and rightly) highlight the killing of Muslims in Palestine, Syria, Myanmar and elsewhere, are often found those fanatics who swiftly issue death threats to anyone with whom they merely have a disagreement. Do they really think this is what Allah SWT wants of them? Have they not read the many verses of the Holy Quran discussing hypocrisy? Is this not blatantly hypocritical?

I’ve been counselled by well meaning friends who advised me to stay out of this one. However, I have a duty to put the record straight. Many of Maajid Nawaz’s critics, especially the more fanatical ones, are themselves acting well outside of Islamic teachings. Were I not to say anything, I’d be a willing accomplice in the further distortion of the teachings of our Human Family’s second largest religion. Were I to stand back, I would truly be disrespecting Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him and his legacy, the Deen of Islam.

Today, too many Muslims claim to be ready to die for the Prophet, peace be upon him, but who is prepared to live like him? Something to consider…

Alchemy Event 2014 Masterpiece

Alchemy Event 2014 London

ALCHEMY EVENT 2014 MASTERPIECEWHY: “Rewriting our Future as we celebrate 3 Days in London”
DATE: APRIL 11TH-12TH -13TH, 2014, 9:00 AM TO 11:00 PM, GMT DAILY
LOCATION: London Sheraton Heathrow Hotel, Heathrow Airport •
Colnbrook Bypass • West Drayton EN UB7 0HJ, UK. PHONE: (44)(208) 7592424
Sheraton Hotel room discount £79 Register before MARCH 1ST 2014 (Reg £130): http://bit.ly/1fjoQkI
Alchemy Event office Phone, London: +44 20 3287 4887 Los Angeles: 1-310-908-6682
WEBSITE: WWW.ALCHEMYEVENT.COM EMAIL: Sales@alchemyevent.comABOUT: 33 SPEAKERS, LECTURES, 4 PANELS, 33 WORKSHOPS, EXHIBITS, NETWORKING, CONSCIOUSNESS, ALCHEMY, SCIENCE, ET DISCLOSURE, QUANTUM PHYSICS, FREE ENERGY, SPIRITUALITY, HEALTH, ENERGY HEALING, MEDITATION, MUSIC & FOOD.The 11TH Alchemy event 2014 Masterpiece begins @ 9:00 AM GMT starting with a Sufi meditation by its founder Saeed David Farman followed by his talk on Status of the Planet & New Humanity Movement . LONDON MASTERPIECE will cover wide areas of our lives from Leadership, Consciousness, Health, Healing, Alchemy, Quantum Physics, Torsion Physics, Fringe Science, Pattern recognition, Genetic Mutation, DNA change with wave genetics, Ecology, Bio Architecture, Wellness, Sacred Geometry, Activation of Galactic DNA, Cancer Prevention, Free Energy, Alien Agenda, Rendlesham Nuclear Facility UFO incident with actual witnesses, ET Disclosure, Star Children, Indigos, Ufology, Teleportation, Astro Projection, Invisibility, ET Contact Studies, Time Travel studies, Multiple Alternate Realities, Secret Space Programs, Project Pegasus, Montauk Project, Project Blue Beam, Dulce Alien base, Mars Base, Cosmology, CERN LHC, HAARP, Fukushima, Nuclear Radiation, Survival, Mind Control, GMO, Human Rights, Cosmic Ascension, Healing, Soul Transformation, Spiritual Freedom, Sufi Barakat (Blessings), Chanting, Poetry, Dialogues, Happiness, Tantra, Diet, Shamanism, Angels, Mantras, Abundance, Inspiration, Enlightenment, Peace, Liberty, Meditation, Universal Love & Forming a New Future for a New Humanity.MASTER OF CEREMONIES, SPEAKER & IRISH ACTIVIST: Louise Ní CriochnílKEYNOTE SPEAKERS: Nuclear Plant Specialist Mehran Keshe, Princess Kaoru Nakamaru, Dr. Rauni Kilde, Founder Saeed David Farman, Michael Tellinger, Sacha Stone, Councillor Simon Parkes, Dr. Stephen Hopwood, Lewis Montague, Alfred Lambremont Webre, JD, MEd., Dr. Marek Roland, Barry Trower, Bronislav Vinogrodskiy, Jamie Catto, Michael Rice, John Consemulder, Eric Dadmehr, Gary Heseltine, Paul Salahuddin Armstrong, Sudi Burnett, A. Karim Darwish, PhD., Gano Grills, Ralph Ring, Igor Nezovibatko, Stuart Mitchell, Alan Bedian, Sean Maguire, Dr. Tatiana Sadovska, Tony Kilvert, Richard Cumbers, Louise Ni Criochnil, Clive De Carle, Renske Skills plus many more.

PANEL SPEAKERS: Councillor Simon Parkes, Princess Kaoru Nakamaru of Japan, Sacha Stone, Michael Rice, Michael Tellinger, Bronislav Vinogrodskiy, Dr. Stephen Hopwood, Lewis Montague, Paul Salahuddin Armstrong, Stuart Michell, Tony Kilvert, Sean Maguire, Richard Cumbers, A.Karim Darwish, Gano Grills, Alan Bedian, Jamie Catto, Clive De Carle & Louíse Ní Críochníl.
***Daily group guided Meditation from 9:00 AM to 9:30 AM BY FOUNDER: SAEED DAVID FARMAN

***Friday APRIL 11TH, 2014, 8 PM to 10 PM GMT:
Princess Kaoru Nakamaru, Dr. Rauni Kilde, Founder Saeed David Farman, Michael Tellinger, Sacha Stone, Simon Parkes, Lewis Montague, Barry Trower, Bronislav Vinogrodskiy, A.Karim Darwish, Gano Grills, Sean Maguire, Louise Ní Criochníl, Gary Heseltine, Paul Salahuddin Armstrong, Michael Rice, Jamie Catto, Sudi Burnett, John Consemulder, Igor Nezovibatko, Stuart Mitchell, Dr. Tatiana Sadovska, Tony Kilvert, Richard Cumbers, Clive De Carle, Renske Skills, Libby Lawes plus many more.

Friday APRIL 11TH, 2014, 10-11 PM GMT:
Stuart Mitchell, Jamie Catto, Libby Lawes & Renske Skills
***Saturday Night Banquet Dinner party with speakers, APRIL 12TH 5:30 PM TO 7 PM
***Panel discussionon Alien Agenda, Saturday APRIL 12TH, 2014, 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM,
Alien Agenda Panel Speakers:
Councillor Simon Parkes, Gary Heseltine & Tony Kilvert.http://www.alchemyevent.com/id94.html
This event has 2 halls main conference 200 seats and workshop 60 seats
Workshops are separate tickets except VIP PASS has all event.
Alchemy event 2014 MASTERPIECE main conference only 3 days ticket before JAN 31ST is now only £133 (2 people special now only £149 & 3 People £169).
Workshops are more advances topics and are one on one with speakers with less people in each workshop allowing more personal Q & A with speakers. Workshops run from £20 to £75 each one and a day pass for full workshops is now on sale for only £59 or more.
IS now ONLY £250
EVENT TICKETS: http://bit.ly/18wCeTBhttp://www.alchemyevent.com/tickets.html

Exhibit tables now only £349 for 3 days event:http://www.alchemyevent.com/exhibit.html
Build your Business by sponsoring this event:http://www.alchemyevent.com/sponsor.html

**Streamed Live Global paid per view event only the main conference hall: http://www.alchemyevent.com/streamlive.html

Slide Show: http://snack.to/b7pibs85
FACEBOOK PAGES:https://www.facebook.com/events/187042818150576
London Sheraton Hotel discounted sleeping room £79:http://bit.ly/1fjoQkI
EVENT TICKETS: Eventbrite: http://bit.ly/18wCeTB
Or the website: http://www.alchemyevent.com/tickets.html
Event Executive contact:
EMAIL: david@alchemyevent.com Phone: London: +44 20 3287 4887 USA: +1-310-908-6682
INTERNATIONAL EVENT CO-ORDINATOR: DR. TATIANA SADOSKA Email: soundsculpting5d@gmail.com PHONE: +1-818-334-0703
UK EVENT CO-ORDINATOR: TONY KILVERT Email: millinno@aol.com Phone: +44 7958130315
IRLAND & UK EVENT CO-ORDINATOR: Louise Ní Críochníl Email: louise8cracknell@gmail.com Phone: +353 863120762 For all media contact please email to: david@alchemyevent.com
Alchemy Event Global LTD Phones: LONDON +44 20 3287 4887 USA: 1-310-908-6682
Email: sales@alchemyevent.com
We Hope to see you at the MASTERPIECE!

Deepest condolences to the people of Volgograd

“Our deepest condolences to the people of Volgograd and Russia. You are in our prayers. These attacks are yet another painful reminder of the work our Human Family still needs to do, to counter our species tendency to violence. Human Beings can be better than angels or worse than animals, let us strive to be the best we can be, and avoid the latter…”

~ Paul Salahuddin Armstrong

Co-Director, The Association of British Muslims
Director, KhilafahOnline


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 175 other followers

%d bloggers like this: