By Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib
Nahjul-Balagha, Sermon 102
About Gluttony, Fear of Allah:
O people! Look at the world like those who abstain from it and turn away from it. By Allah, it will shortly turn out its inhabitants and cause grief to the happy and the safe. That which turns and goes away from it never returns and that which is likely to come about is not known or anticipated. Its joy is mingled with grief. Herein men’s firmness inclines towards weakness and languidness. The majority of what pleases you here should not mislead you because that which will help you will be little.
Allah may shower His mercy on him who ponders and takes lesson thereby and when he takes lesson he achieves enlightenment. Whatever is present in this world will shortly not exist, while whatever is (perceived) to exist in the Hereafter is already in existence. Every countable thing will pass away. Every anticipation should be taken to be coming up and everything that is to come up should be taken as just near.
Part of the Same Sermon on the Attributes of a Learned Person:
Learned is he who knows his worth. It is enough for a man to remain ignorant if he knows not his worth. Certainly, the most hated man with Allah is he whom Allah has left for his own self. He goes astray from the right path and moves without a guide. If he is called to the plantation of the Hereafter he is slow. As though what he is active for is obligatory upon him whereas in whatever he is slow was not required of him.
Part of the Same Sermon about Future Times:
There will be a time wherein only a sleeping (inactive) believer will be safe (such that) if he is present he is not recognised but if he is absent he is not sought after. These are the lamps of guidance and banners of night journeys. They do not spread calumnies nor divulge secrets, nor slander. They are those for whom Allah will open the doors of His mercy and keeps off from them the hardships of His chastisement.
O people! A time will come when Islam will be capsized as a pot is capsized with all its contents. O people! Allah has protected you from that. He might be hard on you but He has not spared you from being put on trial. Allah the most Sublime of all speakers has said the following:
Verily in this are signs and We do only try (the people). (Holy Qur’an 23:30)
Sayyid ar-Radi says the following: As regarding Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib’s words ‘Akullu Mu’minin nuwamah’ (every sleeping believer), he implies thereby one who is talked of little and causes no evil. And the word ‘al-masayth’ is the plural of ‘misyah’. He is one who spreads trouble among people through evils and calumny. And the word ‘al-madhayi’ is the plural of ‘midhya’. He is one who upon hearing of an evil about someone, spreads it and shouts about it. And ‘al-budhur’ is the plural of ‘badhur’. He is one who excels in foolishness and speaks rubbish.